Emma D. Watkins has passed her PhD with minor corrections at the University of Liverpool, as part of the Digital Panopticon. Emma was examined by Prof Shore of Leeds Beckett University and Prof Goldson of the University of Liverpool. Thesis title: Life-Courses of Juvenile Convicts.
Emma giving a paper at the Crime Historians Conference at The University of Edinburgh 2016
Of particular interest to Emma are the lives of juvenile offenders, sentenced to transportation to Australia at the Old Bailey in the early nineteenth century. Emma uses data – linkage, using criminal and civil records, in order to carry out life-course analysis. While quantitative trends in the data are important, of equal importance are the life narratives of juvenile offenders – taking into account their crimes and punishments as well as their economic, social and familial lives.
Watkins, E D. & Godfrey, B. (in press) Criminal Children: Researching Juvenile Offenders 1820-1920, (Pen & Sword).
Watkins, E D. (2018) ‘Transported Beyond the Seas: Criminal Juveniles’, In Nineteenth Century Childhoods in Interdisciplinary and International Perspectives, Series: Childhood in the Past Vol 6 (eds.) Baxter J E. & Ellis, M. (Oxford: Oxbow).
Alker, Z. & Watkins, E D. (2018) ‘History, life course criminology and digital methods: new directions for conceptualizing juvenile justice in Europe’ In Juvenile Justice in Europe: Past, Present and Future (ed.) Goldson, B. (Oxon: Routledge).
Watkins, E D. (2018) ‘Juvenile convicts and their colonial familial lives’, The History of the Family, (Available Here)
Watkins, E D. (2017) “The Criminal Class” and “Life Course Analysis”, In Companion to Crime and Criminal Justice History (eds.) Turner, J., Taylor, T., Morley, S. & Corteen, K A. (Bristol: Policy Press).